Establishing minimum standards for K-12 education in line with SDG4
What if the cure for cancer is inside the mind of someone who cannot afford a higher education?
In 1998, Ministers of (higher) Education from France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy signed the Sorbonne Joint Declaration, with the aim of harmonising the architecture of European higher education. The result of this process is what we today know as the ‘Bologna Process’ and is what has been in place in Europe starting in 1999.
While the Bologna process afforded students across Europe opportunities that would previously have been difficult to seize, no similar system exists at a scholastic level. Students graduating from public or private schools (with the exception of Recognised International Schools) are often bound to continue their higher education in the same country where they graduated, or face several tedious processes in order to accredit their high school diplomas in another country.
This topic seeks to start a process that will make that a thing of the past. Delegates in UNESCO will be given the opportunity to construct a system that would begin a harmonisation process of K-12 educational systems worldwide in order to afford more opportunities to (potential) students from developing States, thereby allowing in turn for a faster development of all States around the world, either by adaption of their K-12 educational systems to an international standard, or by receiving well educated/better educated graduates who can be utilised accordingly.
Establishing Collective action to improve the ocean’s health
Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans
– Jacques Cousteau
71% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Our oceans and seas connect us, they are the origin of all known life and an absolute necessity for our survival on this planet. So far, there have been many small initiatives, but we are only at the start of a momentous journey towards a sustainable future.
UNESCO delegates at MUNUSAL 2019 will dive into the subject of the oceans’ health (pun intended). To protect the oceans’ biodiversity and enhance marine vitality, the goal is to debate upon hands-on solutions and joint action to improve the state of the oceans and surroundings. Subtopics may range from fish stocks to marine pollution and the protection of coastal communities. Considerable work has already been done by UNESCO in assessing the state of the ocean's health, now it is time for collective action.
This is a truly global challenge as the condition of the submerged areas is essential to life on land, in the sky and below the sea. Many things divide us, but on climate we need to take a strong united stance. This requires true engagement, bold decisions and radical co- operation to solve possibly the biggest challenge the United Nations has ever faced: creating a viable Earth for future generations.
*please note asterisk-marked countries are observer states.
Countries written in red are no longer available as they are already assigned.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Nations Director for SDGs
United States of America*