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MUNUSAL 2019

UN Security Council

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Konstantina
Rebecca
UNSC Chair
UNSC Chair

TOPICS

Losing Earth Means Losing the War:

Climate Change as a Threat to International Security

Sustainability and Security are two different issues, with different solutions and causes, correct? Apparently, contemporary evidence suggests, no. With the unavoidable effect of climate change growing every year, the rising temperatures are gradually deterring stability all around the globe. Climatic trends are currently having significant consequences for predominant agricultural systems and prolong armed conflicts, which leads to the Security Council often engaging in deploying Peacekeeping troops in war-torn areas throughout the world.

 

However, in many cases, these objectives contradict each other: In recent years, missions include considerable resource requirements and can cause significant environmental damage to the countries they initially intended to assist. Vise versa, this environmental impact can lead to further escalation of the conflicts, due to declining trends in trade and the finance sector. So, what is it going to be? Security or sustainability? Perhaps both? In this year’s Security Council, the delegates will be challenged with this exact controversial question: Do current and future armed conflicts perhaps require a change in sustainability policies rather than a peacekeeping operation?

Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea:

An obstacle to West African development

The situation in the Gulf of Guinea has been dire for the past two decades, but it continuously has failed to fall under the radar of the international community amidst more pressing matters. During the MUNUSAL conference the Security Council will be discussing the threat to international peace and security posed by the continuous assaults of pirates on the waters and coasts of West Africa.

 

Unlike traditional conceptions of piracy, these terrorist activities take place in our contemporary times, and therefore make use of state of the art weaponry. The blockage of vital trade routes and rampant looting severely impede the development of these African nations and have accumulated in massive economic losses for trade partners, including China and the USA. It is up to the Security Council to come up with a comprehensive plan to finally solve this never ending threat.

Security Council Country Matrix

*please note asterisk-marked countries are observer states. One delegate will represent both countries on their respective topic.

Countries displayed in bold are veto power-holders, and are recommended for experienced delegates.

Countries written in red are no longer available as they are already assigned.

Belgium

Côte d'Ivoire

China

Dominican Republic

Equatorial Guinea

France

Germany

Indonesia

Kuwait

Peru

Poland

Russia

South Africa

United Kingdom

United States of America

Sudan/Nigeria*

Algeria/Ghana*

2018 UNSC