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MUNUSAL 2020

HISTORICAL SECURITY COUNCIL

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Larissa
UNSC Chair
UNSC Chair
Ignace

TOPICS

The Korean War 1951-53

Topic A: The Korean War 1951-53

On June 25 1950, the Korean War began when some 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War. By July, American troops had entered the war on South Korea’s behalf. As far as American officials were concerned, it was a war against the forces of international communism itself.

For this reason, nonintervention was not considered an option by many top decision makers. On June 27 th 1950, America called on the United Nations to use force to get the North Koreans out as they had ignored the Security Council’s resolution of June 25th .

With the Soviet Union actively blocking the proceedings of the Security Council and the war completely breaking lose, will Delegates have what it takes to ease the tensions? They will
assemble in August 1950 to take on this challenge that threatens the lives of countless Koreans.

The Palestine Question

It is April 1948 and fighting in the British Mandate Territory of Palestine has increased. With the British now eager to leave, the question of who will control the land to the west of the Jordan River remains highly contentious. Following UN General Assembly Resolution 181 that recommends the partition of the land into an independent Jewish and an independent Arab state, fighting has broken out in several areas. After several months of fending off attacks from irregular Arab forces, the Jewish Haganah is beginning to shift into offensive positions, threatening to exacerbate the conflict.

Both the Arab and Jewish forces present claims to control the land after the departure of the British. It is a matter of utmost urgency for the international community. The atrocities of World War II and the Holocaust are only beginning to come to light; at the same time the creation of a Jewish National Home, as advocated by the Jewish Agency in Palestine, is threatening to draw neighboring Arab states into the conflict. The United Nations Security Council must now act to advocate for a peaceful resolution of the conflict and avoid wider regional implications.

UNSC

Matrix

1948/1950

Please note countries in bold are reserved for experienced delegates

Argentina/ Cuba
Belgium/ Ecuador
Canada/ Egypt
China
Colombia/ India
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/ First Republic of Korea
France

Syrian Arab Republic/ Norway
Ukraine/ Yugoslavia
United States of America

INTERESTED?

Picture: HRC 2018