International Labour Organization
MUNUSAL 2022 will simulate the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Labour Organization on site and the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues online, all in English and the Organization of American States in Spanish. The press team, The Globe, will publish articles in both English and Spanish.
Ensuring the safety of women in the textile industry
Over the past thirty years globalisation and trade liberalisation has resulted in labour outsourcing in the textile industry from the Global North to the Global South. Multinational corporations have been establishing operations in countries with laxer labour laws and a weaker rule of law. This has in turn led to terrible working conditions for women working in these factories: abuse from their employers to the withholding of salaries and the lack of proper safety regulations. With so many actors being involved on the local and international levels, it is clear that international cooperation is crucial to protect these women from further exploitation.
The International Labour Organization will explore the role of globalisation and trade liberalisation in labour exploitation, the informal economy and precariousness as a catalyst for these issues, the overrepresentation of women in the textile industry, safety conditions in infrastructure, and the rule of law and labour laws in the Global South, among many other topics.
Gender parity and education as tools for economic growth
Millions of women worldwide depend on their families or spouses as a source of income, being forced to remain at home due to cultural, economic or legal reasons. Incorporating these women into the workplace and ensuring they gain proper education would mean independence for them and a pump of money into the economies of their countries, which are now facing recession because of the Covid-19 crisis. In cases where women are already part of the labour market, the insurance of gender parity within these can still mean further economic growth, with increased productivity and less precarious workers.
The International Labour Organization will explore gender inequality in access to labour opportunities, justice in education as a means to foster equal opportunities, the role of globalisation in promoting gender parity, maternity protection for women incorporated into the workplace, cultural barriers to gender parity, and the development of the care economy, among many other topics.
Please note countries in bold are reserved for experienced delegates
Countries in crossed-out red text are no longer available.
Keep in mind applications early on in a wave have a better chance of obtaining their first option
Arab Republic of Egypt
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Federative Republic of Brazil
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Kingdom of Morocco
Kingdom of Spain
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Republic of Burundi
People's Republic of China
Republic of Colombia
Republic of Guatemala
Republic of India
Republic of Indonesia
Republic of Turkey
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United Mexican States
United States of America